Government & Politics

The Judiciary | Definition | Features | Functions

The Judiciary | Definition | Features | Functions

The Judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make law (in a plenary fashion which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive) but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case.


Structure of the Judiciary in a State

Structure of the Judiciary in a State

Structure of the Judiciary | Organs of Government The structure of the judiciary varies from country to country. Written constitutions usually contain provisions which provide for the structure of the judicial system and the jurisdiction…






Differences Between Unicameral and Bicameral Legislature

Differences Between Unicameral and Bicameral Legislature | Bicameralism is defined as a process or act of carrying out legislative functions by the two chambers in a country while Uni-cameralism is the existence of a single legislative body in a state. Hence, in a unicameral state, legislative functions are performed by only one chamber, with members directly elected by the electorate.


Powers and Functions of the Legislature

The Legislature is the organ of government responsible for law making. The legislature makes laws which are to be obeyed by everybody. The legislature also maintains control over the policy and administrative actions of the executive and acts as a forum for airing public opinions.


Procedure for Making Law in the Legislature

What are the steps in the lawmaking process | Laws are made through bills. A bill is a draft of a proposed law. The function of a bill is to: (a) enact a new law or (b) amend an existing law.
There are two main types of bill, namely, public and private bills.