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Government & Politics

Delegated Legislation | Definition, Types, Pros & Cons

A delegated legislation is a rule or regulation made by a person or body other than the legislature. A delegated legislation therefore has the force of a law. Like every other law, it has the full force of the law and can be enforced and adjudicated like a law made by parliament itself.

Advantage and Disadvantage of Centralisation

Centralisation is defined as the process by which political power is located in a single central decision making body. The highest degree of centralization is achieved where all powers of government are vested in a central authority.

Reasons for the Adoption of Federalism in Nigeria

A federalism system of government is a government in which there is division of powers between the Central Government and the governments of the component units and each level of government is independent within its own sphere.

Independence of the Judiciary

An independent judiciary is one which is free from the interference of the other two arms of government, the executive and legislature. Judges should be free when interpreting the law of the land, they should work without fear or favour.

Nigeria – Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is the body charged with the conduct of national elections under the 1999 Constitution. It was known as Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO) and National Electoral Commission (NEC) under the 1979 and 1989 constitutions respectively.

Merits & Demerits Of 1979 Constitution | 2nd Republic

The 1979 constitution "2nd republican constitutions" of the federal republic of Nigeria had the following advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Federal System of Government

Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism System of Government A Federal System of Government or Federal State is one in which there is constitutional division of powers among different levels or three tiers of government (federal, state/region, local governments). In a federal system, the federal or central authority represents the whole and...

National Defence Council (Nigeria)

The Nigerian National Defence Council (NDC) | Functions The significance of the National Defence Council is underlined by the act that the President is its chairman. The other membem of the National Defence Council are the vice President who is vice Chairman, the Minister of Defence, the Chief of Defence Staff,...

Types of Totalitarianism | Examples of a Totalitarian Government

Totalitarianism: It is a political idea that considers that the state possesses absolute power. It is characterized by evading the basic norms of law of modern society and not allowing a separation of powers. The totalitarian state carries out total control of the population and of all its institutions through propaganda and the police.

Application of the Rule of Law (Meaning & Definition)

The rule of law is defined as the supremacy of law over everybody in a political system. Rule of law is seen as a provision made by the constitution with emphasis on supremacy of the law, equality before the law and the presence or inclusion of the principle of individual rights.

Communist Manifesto: Definition & Summary

The communist manifesto is the basic document of communist thought, made up of the thoughts of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels on political, economic and sociological matters. In it the pillars of both original Socialism and Marxism are embodied.

Powers and Functions of the Judiciary

Powers and Functions of the Judiciary | Branch of Government The judiciary constitutes the arm of government that interprets the law of the state and applies the existing law to individual cases. In any modern state, the liberty of individuals depends upon the fairness of the courts in providing protection...

Limitations on the Exercise of Judicial Powers

There are several limitations on the powers of the judiciary. The most important restrictions on the powers of judicial officers include the following: Precedents, Political and Social Pressures, Professional Rules and Ethics, Enactment of New Laws, Amendment of Constitution, Executive Control and Collapse of Social Values.

Difference Between Centralisation and Decentralisation

The principles of centralization and decentralization are more or less two sides of the same coin. While centralization holds that it is possible to improve administrative effectiveness by concentrating decision-making in one coordinating body, decentralization, on the other hand, states that decision-making can only be enhanced by delegating decision-making to lower level governments of subordinate units.

Features of Imperialism | Causes and Consequences

Imperialism - Process that took place between 1875 and 1914 and was characterized by the great development of industrial capitalism and the colonial expansion of the great powers of Europe over Africa, Asia and the Pacific islands.

Features of Federal System of Government

Features of Federal System of Government | Politics| Federal State A federal system of government is one in which there is constitutional division of powers among different levels or three tiers of government (namely - Federal, State / Regional, Local Governments). In a federal system of government, the federal or central...

Utopian Socialism: Definition, Features & Problem

Definition of Utopian Socialism What is Utopian Socialism? Utopian socialism was an ideal of thought established by Robert Owen, Saint-Simon and Charles Fourier. The  utopian socialism aimed to the creation of an ideal society, which would be achieved peacefully, thanks to the goodwill of the bourgeoisie. The name 'utopian socialism' came from the word...

Reasons for Federal System of Government

Federal System of Government | The conditions which lead to the formation of a federation, which may also be regarded as the reasons for the creation of a federation, include the following: Desire to form a Federal Government, Needs for Local Autonomy, Leadership, Geographical Contiguity, Availability of Resources, Similarity of Social and Political Institutions, Cultural Differences, Desire for Security, Capacity to work for Federal Government, Force of Imitation.

Direct Democracy: Definition, Features, Pros & Cons

Direct Democracy Direct Democracy - Form of government in which each individual is part of decision-making. Definition of Direct Democracy The democracy directly or pure democracy is a form of government in which each individual belonging to a group, directly exercises the power to the part of decision-making, without the need for a representative. Thus, through an assembly,...