The principle of checks and balances means that each organ of government should exercise control over the other, while Separation of Powers can be defined as a system of government which the legislature, executive, and judiciary are each separate in term. of functions and personnel. Baron de Mostesquieu argued that where the legislative and executive powers were united in the same person, there could be no liberty.Read More
Government & Politics
Bourgeoisie is a term used to refer to a sector of the middle-class population, which has a good economic income and the possession of material or capital goods, such as property.
We often use the terms state and nation (and even nation and country) interchangeably, as if they were synonymous. Although they can be in colloquial contexts, each one has a specific meaning that should be understood.
The difference between power and authority is that power is a capacity and authority is a skill. In this sense, power can be acquired, while authority depends on a person’s ability to influence others.
Power is the ability to subordinate other people or to dominate a situation.
Authority is the ability to influence others without the need for them to be subordinate.
Kleptocracy is a form of government which is characterized by the systematic and institutionalized theft of public funds and goods by its elites.
In a kleptocracy government, rulers and like-minded elites engage in robbery in a normalized way. To such an extent that there is an institutionalization of corruption. In democracies, theoretically, the income and money obtained after government tax collection is reinvested in the form of public services.
Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are mainly owned and controlled by private individuals and firms. The primary aim of any economic activity in a capitalist state is to make profit.
Capitalism is an economic system that is based on private ownership of the means of production, as well as on the principle of free market, whose objective is the accumulation of capital. The word is formed from the union between the noun capital, which in this context means ‘set of economic goods’, and the Greek suffix ism, which means system.
The proletariat is distinguished from other classes such as the bourgeoisie in that it does not possess greater assets than its capacity for work, and therefore constitutes the basis of capitalist society of, as defined by Karl Marx, the “exploitation of man by man”. The bourgeoisie, on the other hand, is the owner of the means of production and requires labor to generate consumer goods.
Plutocracy (Also known as; Plutarchy), like Oligocracy or Oligarchy, is a form of government that develops when a wealthy individual or richest people in the society holds power and, therefore, runs the State.
Legitimacy is a characteristic attributed to everything that complies with what is imposed by legal norms and is considered a good for society, that is, everything that is legitimate.
Normally, this is a characteristic that is frequently discussed in the legal field, in which it states that a situation or phenomenon is considered correct according to the parameters established by the system of laws and regulations.