In a unitary constitution, all politicalpowers goes to the central and concentrated in the hands of a single authority or government. The constitution recognises the sole authority of the central government. Other component units, for instance, state or local governments, had no powers deposited in them.
However, the central government in a unitary constitution has the power to create local authorities and give them power to make policies and decisions peculiar to their localities. Countries operating unitary constitution are – Britain, France and Italy.
This chapter covers the definition, types, sources, features and scope of constitution.
The advantages of a unitary constitution include the following:
Flexible Constitution – The constitution is generally flexible, and may be unwitting, making it easy to amend. The amendment procedure is in line with the process of law-making in the Parliament.
Development – The developments of the various region and units are even and uniform because the centre decides for all.
Unity – The concentration of power is in the hand of a single central authority makes it possible for it to enforce unity in the country.
Changes are easily made – Changes of different proportion can easily be made in the system. For example, in the areas of infrastructure, restructuring of the economy and appointments.
Non-Duplicate of functions – Unnecessary duplication of powers and functions are avoided.
Cost saving – Not many workers are involved in government and so the cost of running the system is reduced to the barest minimum.
Strong centre – This is because all the powers in a unitary states are concentrated in the hands of the central government. The central government in a unitary state is stronger than that of the federal state.
Quick decision making – Decisions, policy quickly implemented in a unitary state. This is because the central government makes decision for the whole country.