Confederal Constitution – Definition, Features, Advantages and Disadvantages
A confederal constitution provides for a union of states with a very weak and almost powerless central authority, and powerful components, (in most cases, states or regions or municipalities). Simply put, the central government under a confederal constitution is subordinate to the component units. A good example was the constitution of the confederation of Sene-gambia which made up of Senegal and Gambia before the two entities separated to become independent countries.
Merits of a Confederal Constitution
Retention of individual identities: confederal constitution enables
the component states to retain their individual identities.
Constitutional right to secession: there is provision for secession
under confederal constitution to the effect that any member of the
component units cannot be compelled to remain in the confederation.
- Reduction of the fear of domination, since each autonomous unit is allowed to retain its identity, the fear of domination reduced.
Demerits of Confederal Constitution
- Political instability – The component units’ right to secede constitutes a source of serious threat to political stability.
- Discourages political unity – Confederal constitution do not encourage political unity, which is very critical to the security and development of a country.