Communist Manifesto: Definition & Summary

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Communist Manifesto

The communist manifesto is the basic document of communist thought, made up of the thoughts of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels on political, economic and sociological matters. In it the pillars of both original Socialism and Marxism are embodied.

Through the statement of the communist manifesto, the development of ideas such as communismsocialism or Marxism was given out. All of them, applied to various fields or fields of socio-political and economic study, have helped to subsequently define reality through their approaches.

Both Karl Marx and Engels pursued with their preparation and expansion the objective of giving scientific and written formality to their most outstanding theories: the class struggle and its disappearance towards the dictatorship of the proletariat, the harmful effects of capitalism and mass industrialization and the necessity of greater social equality.

The communist manifesto was originated in the mid-nineteenth century from the hand of the Communist League or Communist Party in the form of a political letter or manifesto. With this text the main premises of the group are raised at the same time that it was presented in society.

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Main Ideas Contained in the Communist Manifesto

Throughout the manifesto, its creators addressed a series of pillar ideas for their communist argument:

  • A study of the historical evolution of society, based on technological changes and the use of the means of production. These structures produced a separation between individuals according to their income level or social origin.
  • Existence of social classes and, therefore, of social inequalities that provoke a constant confrontation between an exploiting dominant elite and a worker or proletarian dominated one.
  • Objectives of communism, focused on the achievement of greater social equality under the abolition of classes and in view of the dictatorship of the proletariat
  • Relevant role of states as bodies in charge of managing wealth, since private property of the means of production is eliminated.

This publication is understood as one of the most influential economic and political works in history, in addition to establishing itself as the fundamental basis of socialism and scientific communism.


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