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Independence of Ecuador

Ecuadorian War of Independence | Ecuador Revolution

The Independence of Ecuador is known as the process of liberation from the colonial rule of the Royal Court of Quito, which since 1563 belonged to the Spanish Empire. This process of emancipation began on October 9, 1820, with the seizure of power by the revolutionary Creoles of the city ​​of Guayaquil.
Bolivian Independence

Bolivian War of Independence | History, Causes & Effects

The Independence of Bolivia was a revolutionary process that led to the liberation of the colonial region of Alto Peru and the birth of the Republic of Bolivia in 1825. The revolutionary process began in 1809, with the uprisings in the cities of Chuquisaca and La Paz. From then until 1825, Upper Peru was the scene of a large number of confrontations between patriots and Upper Peruvian royalists, and between the expeditionary forces sent by Buenos Aires and the royal army of Peru.
Ayutla Plan

Plan of Ayutla: Meaning, History, Causes & Consequences

The Plan of Ayutla (Ayutla Plan) was a political pronouncement made by liberal leaders against the dictatorship of Mexican President Antonio López de Santa Anna. It was proclaimed on March 1, 1854 in the city of Ayutla, State of Guerrero, by Florencio Villarreal, Ignacio Comonfort and Juan N. Álvarez. He received the support of Benito Juárez, Melchor Ocampo, Ponciano Arriaga, and other liberals exiled by Santa Anna, who had gone into exile in the United States.
First Mexican Empire

First Mexican Empire | History, Facts, Causes & End (1821–1823)

The First Mexican Empire was the sovereign State that was constituted after the declaration of the Independence of Mexico, in 1821. This empire lasted only 17 months, since it was proclaimed on August 24, 1821 and dissolved on April 8, 1823. The only monarch of the First Mexican Empire was the Creole General Agustín de Iturbide, who adopted the name of Agustín I. Iturbide's reign ended when his opponents, led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna and Guadalupe Victoria, took up arms against he.
Catholic Kings

Catholic Monarchs | Meaning, Spanish History

Catholic Monarchs | Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile are known as Catholic kings who unified the crowns of Castile and Aragon in the second half of the 15th century, giving rise to the Hispanic monarchy.
Auto Draft

History of Socialism | Meaning, Origin, Historic Context

Socialism is a philosophical current of economic, social and political thought, as well as a diverse set of political theories, movements and socio-economic systems that have been inspired by such thought. All of them have in common the defense of the public, collective or cooperative property of the means of production of the society, instead of their property in private hands. In addition, it proposes the planning and organization of social and economic life from the forces that make up the State.

Functions of the Opposition Party in a Parliamentary Government

The existence of opposition party in a cabinet system of government is legal and officially recognised. It is the party that has the second highest number of seats in the parliament. However, it has the following as its functions:

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cabinet System of Government

Parliamentary or Cabinet system is defined as a system of government in which the head of state is distinct from the head of government. Both offices and functions attached to them are in the hands of two individuals, unlike the presidential system where the two offices (head of state and government) are fused.

Multi-Party System | Definition, Features, Pros & Cons

A multi-party system is therefore a system in which there are several political parties of nearly equal strength. Unlike the two party system in which two of the many parties may be dominant, multipartyism is a party system in which there are several parties, any of which can win a general election.

Herbert Macaulay (1864 – 1945)

Herbert Macaulay Samuel Heelas was born in Lagos on 14th November, 1864. He was the seventh child of Reverend Thomas Babington Macaulay and Abigail Macaulay (daughter of Bishop Ajayi Crowther). He attended St. Paul’s Anglican School, Breadfruit Street and C.M.S. Day School, Faji both in Lagos.

Yoruba Pre-Colonial Political Administration

Yoruba Pre-Colonial Political Administration and the Traditional Historical Society of Yorubaland THE YORUBA POLITICAL SYSTEM The Yoruba live mainly in the South - West geo-political zone...
Forms of Government | Types & Definition

Forms of Government | Types & Definition

There are different types and forms of government. However, the form of government been adopted by a country depends to a great extent on the customs, beliefs, history, law and institutions of the state, and the type of people controlling the government. The form of government being operated by a state will also vary with a particular functions of the people and rulers of a state which a government do undertake.
Democracy – Definition, Types, Pros & Cons

Democracy: Definition, Features, Types, Pros & Cons

Democracy means different things to different people. A former American president, Abraham Lincoln from 1861 to 1865 give democracy its arguably most popular meaning when he defined it as "government of the people, by the people, and for the people".

Republican Government – Definition, Features & Examples

A Republican Government or Republicanism is a form of government in which sovereign of the state is headed by a president, directly or indirectly elected by the people for a fixed term of office.
Sovereignty – Definition, Types, Features & Development

Sovereignty: Definition, Types, Features, Pros & Cons

The word 'sovereignty' itself is derived from the Latin term 'superamus' which means supremacy. As such, Sovereignty refers to the supreme power or authority in a state. It is the power of the state to make laws, and enforce these laws without the state being subject to any foreign control.

Reasons For Introducing Indirect Rule In British West Africa

The British colonial government introduced the indirect rule system for a number of reasons. They are - Lack of funds, shortage of personnel...

Pre-Colonial Administration In Nigeria

Pre-Colonial Administration In Nigeria Before the coming of Europeans into Nigeria, the various ethnic groups were autonomous and had developed their governmental systems in such...
Carolingian Empire

Carolingian Empire: History, Economy & Characteristics

The Carolingian Empire was a state of the Early Middle Ages, founded by the Frankish King Charlemagne, who ruled it between 768 and 814. The foundations of this empire were laid by his father, Pepin the Short, who in 751 overthrew the last king of the Frankish dynasty of the Merovingians. The new monarch was crowned by Pope Stephen II, who granted him the right to hereditary succession.
Mongol Empire

Mongol Empire: Meaning, History, Emperor & Decline

The Mongol Empire was an imperial state of Central Asia, founded in 1206 by Genghis Khan, who managed to impose his authority over all Mongolian tribes. It is the second largest empire in history, after the British Empire, as it covered some 24,000,000 km². It included the present territories of Mongolia, China, Korea, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan Kazakhstan, and parts of Turkey and Russia. It stretched from the Danube River in Europe to the Korean (South & North) Peninsula in Asia.
Manuel Belgrano

Manuel Belgrano: Biography, History & Politics (1770-1820)

Manuel Belgrano: Biography, History & Politics (1770 - 1820) Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano y González - Creole patriot who participated in...