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Capitalism – Definition, History, Features & Examples
Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are mainly owned and controlled by private individuals and firms. The primary aim of any economic activity in a capitalist state is to make profit.
Types of Political Participation
Types of Political Participation | Political participation there for refers to "those activities by which members of a society share in the selection of rulers, and directly or indirectly in the formation of public policy".
Differences Between Autocracy, Oligocracy and Democracy
Even so, within this huge political conglomerate, all of them are born from the most basic differentiation into three political systems: autocracy, oligocracy or oligarchy, and democracy. Since the time of Aristotle, these are the three main forms of government.
Difference Between Monarchy and Republic
Both the monarchy and the republic are systems of government. However, the republic is opposed to the monarchy in the way of governing. In the monarchy, the head of state remains in power for life, or even abdicates. In the republic, the head of state is democratically elected for a certain period of time. In a monarchy, with the exception of elective monarchies, which are not so common today, heredity is an important factor. In the regime, the sons of monarchs are their successors. In the republic, new heads of state are elected by the people after a term that usually lasts about four or five years.
Parliamentary Supremacy | Definition | Politics | Limitations
Parliamentary Supremacy or Parliamentary Sovereignty can be defined as the exclusive right of parliament to make and unmake laws without any form of extemal control.
Powers and Functions of the Legislature
The Legislature is the organ of government responsible for law making. The legislature makes laws which are to be obeyed by everybody. The legislature also maintains control over the policy and administrative actions of the executive and acts as a forum for airing public opinions.
Limitations On The Powers Of The Legislature
There are several limitations on the power of the leglslature. They include; Development of Political Parties, Expansion of Executive Powers, Judicial Review, Public Opinion & The Electorate.
The Executive | Definition | Functions | Types of Executive
The executive is the branch of government which carries out the will of the state. It enforces the laws made by the legislature and carries out court decisions and also takes action on matters which are not covered by the law.
Limitations on the Powers of the Executive Branch
Limitations on the Powers of the Executive Branch | 1. There is parliamentary control of the executive, especially in a cabinet system of government. The prime minister and his cabinet are responsible to the lower house. That is, they must explain and defend their policies in the house, and if the parliament withdraws its support for the government, the prime minister either resigns or advises the king or president to dissolve parliament in order to seek fresh support through a general election.
Muhammadu Buhari Military Rule In Nigeria (1983 – 1985)
The military once again seized power from a civilian government on 31st December, 1983. Major General Muhammadu Buhari emerged as the new Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
Purposes of Elections | Processes & Functions
The purposes and functions of elections in the political systems include the Clarification of Issues, Selection of Candidates for Public Office, Peaceful Transfer of Power, Political Participation and Communication.
The 1979 Republican Constitution of Nigeria
The 1979 republican constitution which came into effect on 1st October, 1979 was the first post-military constitution in Nigeria. The constitution was prepared and promulgated by the Murtala/Obasanjo Federal Military Government but not until after several futile attempts had been made by previous military governments to implement a transition programme.
1989 Constitution In Nigeria | 3rd Republic
The 1989 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria was unique in many respects. Unlike previous ones, the 1989 Constitution was never fully implemented. In other words, it did not lead to the total disengagement of the military from politics.
Advantages & Disadvantages of 1989 Constitution In Nigeria
Advantages and Disadvantages of 1989 Constitution Of Federal Republic Of Nigeria – 3rd Republican Constitution
1999 Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria
The 1999 Constitution which ushered in the Fourth Republic of Nigeria came into force on 29th May, 1999. It is perhaps the most criticised constitution in the political history of Nigeria as it has been the butt of criticism from different factions of the ruling class.
Obafemi Awolowo (1909 – 1987)
Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo was born at Ikenne, Ogun State on 6th March, 1909. He had his early education at Ikenne and Abeokuta before proceeding to Wesley College, Ibadan.
Power (Political Power) – Definition, Types & Sources
In simple terms, power means ability to rule. It is the ability to change or affect the behaviour or actions of another in the way one likes. For example, power is the ability of Mr A to compel Mr B to do something, which Mr B would ordinarily not want to do. Thus, in defining power, the word 'ability' is very important.
Military Dictatorship in Chile (1973-1990) History, Features, Causes & Effects
The military dictatorship in Chile was a dictatorial regime headed by General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, which began on September 11, 1973 and ended on March 11, 1990. That 17-year period began with a coup that overthrew the constitutional government of Socialist President Salvador Allende, who had ruled since 1970. The overthrow of Allende, who committed suicide during the assault on the Palacio de la Moneda, was instigated and supported by the United States.
The Development Of Major Political Parties In Nigeria
This article deals primarily with the political parties of the First, Second, Third and Fourth Republics of Nigeria. Unlike the nationalist parties of the colonial era whose primary objective was decolonisation, the overriding objective of the post-independence parties was to win political power.
Powers and Functions of the Judiciary
Powers and Functions of the Judiciary | Branch of Government The judiciary constitutes the arm of government that interprets the law of the state and...