Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo was born at Ikenne, Ogun State on 6th March, 1909. He had his early education at Ikenne and Abeokuta before proceeding to Wesley College, Ibadan.
The Northcrn Elements Progressive Union (NEPU) was formed in 1949. It was a breakaway faction of the Jamiyar Mutanen Arewa (JMA). NEPU was dissatisfied with the JMA’s conservative and gradualist
The Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) was formed by Herbert Macaulay in 1923 thus becoming the first party in Nigeria and British West Africa. The party was formed to tight
The Nigerian Youth Movement began as the Lagos Youth Movement in 1933. It was a protest movement to challenge the domination of Lagos politics by the Nigerian National Democratic Party.
The NCNC emerged in the early 1940s to fill the void created by the collapse of the NNDP and NYM. It was formed through one of the meetings organized by
The Northern People’s Congress (NPC) was the first major political party in Northern Nigeria. It began as Jamiyar Mutanen Arewa (JMA) in 1948. The party was formally launched in October 1951.
The Action Group (AG) was founded in 1950 but was formally launched in April 1951. Chief Obafemi Awolowo, the Secretary-Generel of ‘Egbe Omo Oduduwa’ was the leader of the party,
The United Middle Belt Congress (UMBC) was formed in the early 1950s to promote the cause of the non-Muslim minority in Northern Nigeria. It developed largely as a protest movement
Nationalism in the African context may be defined as the struggles by Africans to free themselves from foreign rule, and to determine, after independence has been won, their own future.
The first conference of the National Congress of British West Africa was held at Accra in Ghana in 1920 under the leadership of Casely Hayford, a Ghanaian lawyer. Dr. Akinwande
There was a late development of nationalism in French-speaking West African countries. At a time when the educated elites in British West Africa were challenging colonial rule, and demanding self-government,
There were several effects of nationalism. The most important effects ere outlined below
Indirect rule is the system of government in which a colonial power makes use of the traditional institutions of the local people in the administration of a territory.
Before the advent of colonialism, the traditional rulers or chiefs in many parts of Africa exercised unlimited powers. The chiefs performed legislative, executive and judicial functions.
Indirect Rule system was less expensive because the colonial masters used the machinery of traditional rulers to run the affairs of government.
There were certain differences between British and French colonial policies in West Africa. In the first place, the French regarded all her colonial territories in West Africa as one political
The 1944, Brazzaville conference held in Dr Congo made the following recommendations.
1958 French Constitution - The Fifth French Republican Constitution of 1958 made provision for a French Community. The community comprised France and all French colonial territories.
The following institutions constituted the Crown Colony Government which was responsible for the administration of British colonial territories.
Policy of Assimilation - This system worked out well due to the cooperation of the traditional chiefs. The traditional chiefs claimed that since their cultures and traditions were not tampered
Success Of Indirect Rule In Nigeria - The indirect rule system was largely a success in the Northern Protectorate because of the following reasons.
Loi cadre was formulated in 1956. The law encompassed all the political and constitutional changes or reforms introduced by the French Government in 1956 to grant some autonomy to its
Effects of Colonial Rule - Colonialism is an imposition of a more developed culture over a less developed one, backed up by expansionist and economic adventurism. European capitalist countries established
Most of the recommendations of the Brazzaville Conference of 1944 were accepted and incorporated into the French Constitution of 1946.
European colonisation of Africa, and indeed, the whole continent of Africa, was not accidental as it was motivated by several factors which are...
The policy was introduced to enable the French export their civilization, which by the early 19th century had reached its highest level.
Imperialism maybe defined as the economic control and exploitation of foreign lands arising from the necessity to reverse the impediments to the accumulation of capital ...
Policy of Assimilation - France took over its territories in West African between late 19th century and early 20th century and the territories were: Dahomey (Benin Republic), Ivory Coast (Cote
The indirect rule policy had both positive and negative effects on the political system. In the short run, the indirect rule increased the power and authority of traditional rulers.
There were certain political developments within and outside France that led to the shift from assimilation to association.
The three major traditional political institutions (Hausa - Fulani, Igbo and Yoruba) had certain common attributes in their systems of government. There were also some differences between them.
HAUSA / FULANI Pre-Colonial Political Administration and the Emirates System The dominant political group in the northern part of Nigeria before the Uthman Dan Fodio’s Jihad of 1802 was the
Igbo Pre-Colonial Political Administration and the Traditional Classless System of Igboland The Igbo live in what is now called the South East geo-political zone and parts of Rivers and Delta
Yoruba Pre-Colonial Political Administration and the Traditional Historical Society of Yorubaland THE YORUBA POLITICAL SYSTEM The Yoruba live mainly in the South – West geo-political zone and parts of Kwara
The local government is another area of study in public administration. In this article, the emphasis will be on the meaning, types, purposes, functions, sources of revenue, control of local
Functions of Local Government Local government may be defined as a government established through an Act of Parliament at the local level and to deal with specific matters as it
Control Of Local Government | How Local Governments are Controlled Two Major issues are relevant to the control of local government, namely, first, how local governments are controlled and second,
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE CIVIL SERVICE AND PUBLIC CORPORATIONS Public Corporations are government establishment or enterprises set up by an Act of Parliament to provide essential services for the state. Civil
Organisation of Public Corporations Public Corporations are created by government and are, therefore, responsible to the government through the minister in charge of the corporation’s supervising ministry. That is, a
Control of Public Corporation A public corporation is an organization established by an Act of parliament to provide a specific essential service for the public. The law establishing the corporation