United Middle Belt Congress (UMBC) | Political Party, Nigeria

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The United Middle Belt Congress (UMBC)

The United Middle Belt Congress (UMBC) was formed in the early 1950s to promote the cause of the non-Muslim minority in Northern Nigeria. It developed largely as a protest movement against the dominance of the Northern People’s Congress (NPC) in the area.

Organisational Structure

The UMBC had little by way of organization, as it was restricted largely to the Middle Belt.

Aims and Objectives of UMBC

The UMBC had a limited objective, which was to ensure that the Middle Belt was made a region.

Sources of Revenue

The party’s main sources of income were:

  • Party levies
  • Donations


The UMBC did not make much impact in the politics of the country. It, however, won the 1959 federal elections in the Tiv area and went into alliance with the Action Group. It formed an integral part of the United Progressives Grand Alliance (UPGA) that contested the 1964 federal elections.

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